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Women in the classroom: After the Civil War
Wired for sound: Listening equipment in the classroom
The Struggle between Natural and Normal
The Influence of Alexander Graham Bell
Signers and supporters defend sign language
Oral Training in “Signing Schools”
Oral schools form on the principle of “pure oralism”
Oral Education as Emancipation
Assimilation through Spoken English
A Deaf Variety of the Human Race
Language and identity in the 1800s: Deaf students denied use of sign language
National Deaf Life Museum
History Through Deaf Eyes
Language and Identity
Increasing immigration in the late 1800s caused many Americans to fear ethnic, racial, and linguistic diversity. The patchwork of immigrant communities crowded into growing industrial cities threatened some Americans’ sense of national identity.
Calls for immigration restrictions, limits on the employment of foreigners, and the banning of languages other than English in schools were common.
In schools for deaf children, classes were increasingly taught without signing and oral training was stressed. Deaf adults and children were discouraged from using sign language in public.
Gallaudet University Archives
New York School for the Deaf, White Plains
Formation of a Community
Awareness, Access and Change
Gallaudet University, chartered in 1864, is a private university for deaf and hard of hearing students.
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