Simple Present Tense


  • Characteristic
  • Habitual or repeated action


Simple form, but add “-s” to the verb when the subject is one person or thing (he, she, it, the desk, my hand). Exception: Not I or you

Time Words:

  • Used to show how often something happens
    • Always
    • Usually
    • Often
    • Frequently
    • Sometimes
    • Occasionally
    • Every now and then
    • Once in a while
    • Seldom
    • Rarely
    • Almost never
    • Never
  • Used to show routine/regular actions
    • Daily
    • Weekly
    • Monthly
    • Biennially
    • On Mondays
    • Yearly/Annually
    • Hourly
    • Nightly
    • On weekends
    • On weekdays
    • Each/every day
    • Each/every week
    • Each/every month
    • Each/every weekend
    • Each/every year
    • Each/every morning
    • Each/every afternoon
    • Each/every evening
    • Each/every second
    • Each/every minute
    • Each/every hour
    • Every few months
    • Every few years
    • Every few hours
    • Every few minutes, etc.
    • Once a year
    • Twice a year
    • Three times a week
    • Four times a month, etc.

Present Continuous Tense


  • Action that is happening right now
  • Action happening in a present block of time (this semester, this week) and that will end at some future time


“Is/are” + verb + “-ing”

Time Words

  • Right now
  • At this moment
  • At this point
  • At this minute
  • Today
  • This morning
  • This afternoon
  • This evening
  • All day
  • At present
  • Presently
  • Currently
  • Temporarily
  • These days
  • For the time being
  • This week
  • This month
  • This semester
  • This year
  • All month

Present continuous tense can be used with “always,” “forever,” and “constantly” when meant as a complaint or when expressed with some emotion:

  • She is always dropping things.
  • She is forever getting inside my jewelry box.
  • He is constantly whining for more attention.

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Grammar and Vocabulary

JSAC 1225



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