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Winning, losing, and learning through sports
Together in the dorms: Community life at boarding school
Trades and Training for Boys
State School in an Expanding Nation
Segregated Schools in the post-war South
Little Paper Family: Deaf students turn to newspapers and magazines
Lincoln signs act of congress to authorize Columbia Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind to confer degrees
Home away from home: Schools for the Deaf
Home Skills – Training in sewing, cooking, and hairstyling
Family ties: Deaf children away at school get creative for writing to parents
Classroom learning for Deaf students
After school: Extracurricular activities at Gallaudet
A language shared by hand and heart: Laurent Clerc brings sign language from Paris
A place of our own: the first permanent school for deaf children
A solemn responsibility, a cup of consolation
National Deaf Life Museum
History Through Deaf Eyes
Formation of a Community
From Asylum to School: Families pool their resources
In the early 1800s, some wealthy families in Hartford, Connecticut, pooled their resources to help found churches and other institutions for the public good. Among those institutions was the first permanent school for deaf children — the Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb persons.
In the language of the day, asylum meant a safe place, and dumb referred to individuals who did not speak with understandable speech. Because of changing word associations, “asylum” eventually gave way to “institution,” then “school.”
Today the “Connecticut Asylum” is named the American School for the Deaf.
Mason F. Cogswell, a wealthy physician and a father in search of an education for his deaf daughter, Alice. He helped found the Connecticut Asylum.
American School for the Deaf
Rev. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet was a recently ordained Congregational minister when he met Cogswell’s daughter, Alice, and became interested in educating deaf children.
American School for the Deaf c. 1830
Laurent Clerc was a brilliant deaf man, a teacher and former student at the Royal Institute for the Deaf in Paris. After traveling with Gallaudet to the United States, Clerc trained instructors and taught students at the school.
American School for the Deaf, portrait of Laurent Clerc (detail), by Charles Willson Peale
Cogswell, Gallaudet, and Clerc established and maintained the Connecticut Asylum for Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons that is now named the American School for the Deaf in West Hartford, Connecticut.
It is the oldest of many residential schools that opened across the country. Generations of deaf people lived and learned together in these schools.
American School for the Deaf, Engraving by W.R. Cullingsworth c. 1852-1858
Gallaudet University, chartered in 1864, is a private university for deaf and hard of hearing students.
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