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Grammar and Vocabulary
All about adjectives
Using -ed and -ing to make...
Bore can become Adjectives by adding -ed or -ing.
Sample verbs of emotion:
Examples words used as verbs and adjectives:
This sentences uses the word “bores” as a verb.
My English class bores me (verb)
This sentence uses the word *bored* as an adjective.
I am bored in my English class. (verb + adjective)
This sentence uses the word *boring* as an adjective.
The class is boring to me. (verb + adjective)
The verb+ed becomes an adjective when it is used to describe . . .
A person or animal
A good way to remember to use -ed to describe the person or animal that experiences an emotion is to remember that both start with E. E for -ed and E for Experience. The “Experiencer’s” emotion is described with ED
Susan was annoyed by her neighbor’s dog.
Susan is the experiencer.” She is experiencing an emotion. The word annoyed is used to describe how Susan is feeling
The verb+ing becomes an adjective when it is used to describe . . .
the thing or things
A good way to remember to use -ing to describe what instigates (causes) the emotion is to remember the two words that start with an I. I for -ing and I for Instigate. The instigator is described with -ING
The dog was annoying Susan. The dog instigated the emotion. The dog caused (instigated) Susan to be annoyed. Annoying is the adjective to describe what the dog was doing to Susan
Other helpful hints:
Sentences often use the word “by” with adjectives ending in ED
Greg was challenged by his math homework.
Sentences often uses the word “to” with adjectives ending in ING.
Greg’s math homework was challenging to him.
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