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MSS 79 – International Congress on the Education of the Deaf

Collection of International Congress on the Education of the Deaf, 1963

Gallaudet University Archives

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Gallaudet University Archives

Call No.: MSS 79

Creator:

Title: Collection of International Congress on the Education of the Deaf, 1963

Quantity: 5.0 Linear Feet (11 document boxes)

Abstract:

Note: This document last updated 2005 December 13.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information:

Processed by: Andrew Oehrlein.

Processing Note: Revised by Margaret Steedman, 1998 July 8.

Conditions on Use and Access: This collection is open to the public with no restrictions. Photocopies may be made for scholarly research.

Related Material in the Archives: See ALADIN

Historical Sketch

Due to the numerous issues revolving around communication between the Deaf and the hearing an International Congress was established in 1878 in the attempt to establish a universal method to assuage the dilemma. Of paramount concern was that of education and the Deaf. It had been hotly contested for over a century which method-the manual method using sign languages or the oral method of lip-reading and articulation-was the most effective. Gradually the manual method has become more accepted, albeit slightly altered in some forms. The first two meetings of the International Congress on the Education of the Deaf in Paris and then Milan had very long-ranging effects regarding the form of communication in teaching the Deaf.

The first International Congress on the Education of the Deaf occurred in 1878, in Paris, France. The Congress was organized by the representatives of the Pereire Society, established in honor of Jacob Pereire, the first oral teacher of the deaf in France. The main intention of the society and purpose for the International Congress was to bring about a standardized method for educating the deaf via the oral method.

The Second International Congress held in Milan, Italy, in 1880 sparked an enormous amount of controversy and further established the much-heated manual vs. oral “war of methods” that would last well over a century following the meeting’s conclusion. 164 members representing eight different countries were present at the Milan Conference. The Congress adopted eight resolutions, two of which had an astronomical impact on deaf education. According to the consensus, the “superiority of speech over signs would aid in restoring deaf-mutes to social life” and provide a “greater facility of language.” At the conclusion of the Second International Congress on the Education of the Deaf in Milan, the oral method was voted for unanimously to become the officially acknowledged method for instructing the deaf.

Twenty years later in 1900 the acceptance of a combined method-lip-reading and articulation with the aid of sign language to assist in comprehension- in Paris, France, opened the door for the manual method to make headway towards general acceptance. From the time of the First International Congress until the Twelfth in 1963, the oral method held the most dominant position. During this time span meeting intervals were irregular.

While there is still conflict between those who support either of the two methodologies, manual forms for teaching the Deaf became more acceptable over time. Meetings of the International Congress now occur at regular intervals of every five years.

For more information on each meeting more resources are available in the Gallaudet University Deaf Library Collections and Archives.

Scope and Content

This collection contains documents, correspondence, minutes, addresses, and abstracts of the proceedings of the 12th Conference of the International Congress on Education of the Deaf, held at Gallaudet College, Washington, DC on June 22-28, 1963.

Series Descriptions and Folder Lists

No Series

BoxFolderTitle of FolderDate
1 1 Abstracts – Altshuler, Kenneth Z., M.D. 1963
1 2 Abstracts – Ambrosen, Lloyd A. 1963
1 3 Abstracts – Andersson, Yerker 1963
1 4 Abstracts – Auerbach, Leon 1963
1 5 Abstracts – Bender, Dr. Ruth 1963
1 6 Abstracts – Berg, Frederick S. 1963
1 7 Abstracts – Bergstrom, Nils 1963
1 8 Abstracts – Blish, Stanford C. 1963
1 9 Abstracts – Bloom, Mrs. Freddy 1963
1 10 Abstracts – Bordley, John E., M.D. 1963
1 11 Abstracts – Bornstein, Harry 1963
1 12 Abstracts – Bose, Anubhuti 1963
1 13 Abstracts – Breunig, H. Latham 1963
1 14 Abstracts – Brill, Richard G. 1963
1 15 Abstracts – Brother Walter 1963
1 16 Abstracts – Brown, Kenneth S. & Chung, C.S. 1963
1 17 Abstracts – Bchli, M.J.C., Dr. 1963
1 18 Abstracts – Butler, Stahl 1963
1 19 Abstracts – Calvert, Donald R. 1963
1 20 Abstracts – Carhart, Raymond 1963
1 21 Abstracts – Carr, Josephine 1963
1 22 Abstracts – Cho, Jai Wook 1963
1 23 Abstracts – Cosrello, Mary Rose 1963
1 24 Abstracts – Cox, Jerome R., Jr. 1963
1 25 Abstracts – Dailey, Joan Riedel 1963
1 26 Abstracts – Davis, Hallowell 1963
1 27 Abstracts – Derbyshire, A.J. 1963
1 28 Abstracts – De Sa, Nancy 1963
1 29 Abstracts – De Vos, Dr. A.W. 1963
1 30 Abstracts – DiCarlo, Louis M. 1963
1 31 Abstracts – Diebold, Dr. Franz J. 1963
1 32 Abstracts – Eagles, Eldon L., M.D., C.M., Dr. P.H. 1963
1 33 Abstracts – Falberg, Robert M. 1963
1 34 Abstracts – Frisina, D. Robert 1963
1 35 Abstracts – Fry, Dennis 1963
1 36 Abstracts – Furth, Hans G. 1963
1 37 Abstracts – Galbraith, Wendy 1963
1 38 Abstracts – Galloway, James H. 1963
1 39 Abstracts – Garretson, Mervin D. 1963
1 40 Abstracts – Geist, Harold 1963
1 41 Abstracts – Goetzinger, Cornelius P. 1963
1 42 Abstracts – Goodhill, Victor, M.D. 1963
1 43 Abstracts – Hardy, Williams G. 1963
1 44 Abstracts – Harrington, Donald A. 1963
1 45 Abstracts – Harrington, John D. 1963
1 46 Abstracts – Hedgecock, Leroy D. 1963
1 47 Abstracts – Hester, Marshall S. 1963
1 48 Abstracts – Hoff, Joel 1963
1 49 Abstracts – Hofmarksrichter, Dr. Karl 1963
1 50 Abstracts – Holcomb, Roy K. 1963
1 51 Abstracts – Hurst, Charles G., Jr. 1963
1 52 Abstracts – James, W. Calton 1963
1 53 Abstracts – Johnson, Richard K. 1963
1 54 Abstracts – Kallmann, Franz J., M.D. 1963
1 55 Abstracts – Kendall, David 1963
1 56 Abstracts – Kent, Margaret S. 1963
1 57 Abstracts – Kirk, Samuel A. 1963
1 58 Abstracts – Kopp, Harriet Green 1963
1 59 Abstracts – Lampard, Marie T. 1963
1 60 Abstracts – Lane, Helen S. 1963
2 1 Abstracts – Lee, Kooi Jong 1963
2 2 Abstracts – Lesak, Jan 1963
2 3 Abstracts – Leshin, George J. 1963
2 4 Abstracts – Levine, Edna Simon, Ph.D 1963
2 5 Abstracts – Lowell, Edgar L. 1963
2 6 Abstracts – Magner, Marjorie E. 1963
2 7 Abstracts – Mangan, Kenneth R. 1963
2 8 Abstracts – Magarotto, Antonio 1963
2 9 Abstracts – Magarotto, Cesare, Dr. 1963
2 10 Abstracts – Mast, Truman, M.D. 1963
2 11 Abstracts – McHugh, Hollie E., M.D. 1963
2 12 Abstracts – Miller, June, Ed.D 1963
2 13 Abstracts – Morkovin, Boris V. 1963
2 14 Abstracts – Mulholland, Ann M. 1963
2 15 Abstracts – Myklebust, Helmer R. 1963
2 16 Abstracts – Nelson, Boyd E. 1963
2 17 Abstracts – Nober, E. Harris, Ph.D 1963
2 18 Abstracts – North, Helen R. 1963
2 19 Abstracts – Numbers, Mary E. 1963
2 20 Abstracts – O’Conner, Clarence D. 1963
2 21 Abstracts – Oyer, Herbert J. 1963
2 22 Abstracts – Page, Helen A. 1963
2 23 Abstracts – Pendell, Lucille H. 1963
2 24 Abstracts – Perier, Olivier 1963
2 25 Abstracts – Pimental, Albert T. 1963
2 26 Abstracts – Pronovost, Wilbert 1963
2 27 Abstracts – Rees, Norma S. 1963
2 28 Abstracts – Richman, Alex, M.D., M.Ph. 1963
2 29 Abstracts – Ruben, Robert J. 1963
2 30 Abstracts – Rush, Mary Lou 1963
2 31 Abstracts – Rybak, John 1963
2 32 Abstracts – Schmaehl Dr. Otto 1963
2 33 Abstracts – Schunhoff, Hugo F. 1963
2 34 Abstracts – Shellgrain, Eveyln 1963
2 35 Abstracts – Shore, Irvin 1963
2 36 Abstracts – Silverman, S. Richard 1963
2 37 Abstracts – Simmons, Audrey Ann, M.S. 1963
2 38 Abstracts – Sister Brigid Mary 1963
2 39 Abstracts – Sister Leo Clare S.S.J. 1963
2 40 Abstracts – Sister Rose Antonia 1963
2 41 Abstracts – Sister Rose Gertrude 1963
2 42 Abstracts – Smith, Alathena J. 1963
2 43 Abstracts – Stafford, Patricia 1963
2 44 Abstracts – Streng, Alice H. 1963
2 45 Abstracts – Stuckless, E. Ross 1963
2 46 Abstracts – Templin, Mildred C. 1963
2 47 Abstracts – Tervoort, Dr. Bernard Th. 1963
2 48 Abstracts – Thompson, Richard E. 1963
2 49 Abstracts – Tracy, Louise ( Mrs. Spencer ) 1963
2 50 Abstracts – Turk, Frank J. Jr. 1963
2 51 Abstracts – Vegely, Carol 1963
2 52 Abstracts – Wagner, Paul 1963
2 53 Abstracts – Waldon, Edgar F., Ph.D 1963
2 54 Abstracts – Wasell, Irene 1963
2 55 Abstracts – Waterhouse, Edward J. 1963
2 56 Abstracts – Williams, Howard G., B.A. 1963
2 57 Abstracts – Winkler, Pauline K. 1963
2 58 Abstracts – Withrow, Frank B., Jr. 1963
2 59 Abstracts – Wisher, Peter R. 1963
2 60 Abstracts – Woodward, Helen, M.E. 1963
2 61 Abstracts – Wooward, Dr. Mary 1963
2 62 Abstracts – Yoshimura, Mitsuo 1963
3 1 Abstracts of Papers NOT presented 1963
3 2 Address of Members: Europe, Pacific, Americas, Asia, Africa 1963
3 3 Announcements 1963
3 4 Awards given at the Congress 1963
3 5 Badges, Tickets, etc. 1963
3 6 Books Exhibits #1 1963
3 7 Books Exhibits #2 1963
3 8 Books Exhibits – International Congress 1963
3 9 Commercial Exhibits ( Correspondence ) 1963
3 10 Committee Assignments 1963
4 1 Congressional Record 1963
4 2 Cosmos Club 1963
4 3 Correspondence – ‘Detective’ Protection Service 1963
4 4 Correspondence – film display 1963
4 5 Delegates ( Lists of ) 1963
4 6 Delegates, General Inquiries #1 1963
4 7 Delegates, General Inquiries #2 1963
4 8 Delegates, General Inquiries #3 1963
4 9 Demonstrations 1963
5 1 Embassy – Letters, announcing their delegates 1963
5 2 Events, Banquets, Sightseeing, Children’s Activities, Delegates Info. 1963
5 3 Events ( Conference of Exec. – Lunch, Meeting, etc. ) 1963
5 4 Exhibits – Books and other #1 1963
5 5 Exhibits – Books and other #2 1963
5 6 Exhibits – Books and other #3 1963
5 7 Exhibits Committee ( General Correspondence ) 1963
5 8 Exhibit Information 1963
6 1 Financing of 1963
6 2 Financing of: NIH ( National Institutions of Health ) 1963
6 3 Financing of: U.S. Office of Education 1963
6 4 Financing of: Public Health Service 1963
6 5 Financing of: Vocational Rehabilitation Administration 1963
6 6 General Correspondence 1963
6 7 General Information 1963
6 8 General 1) USA Tours 2) Glossary 1963
6 9 Housing 1963
6 10 Housing, Gallaudet College Campus #1 1963
6 11 Housing, Gallaudet College Campus #2 1963
7 1 Insurance Coverage 1963
7 2 International Congress ( Guest Speakers ) 1963
7 3 Mailing Lists #1 1963
7 4 Mailing Lists #2 1963
7 5 Mailing Lists #3 1963
7 6 Mailing Lists #4 1963
7 7 Ministry Letters – Department of State 1963
7 8 Newspaper Clippings 1963
7 9 News Releases 1963
7 10 Paraphernalia ( posters, badges, etc. ) 1963
7 11 Preliminary program & notice 1963
7 12 Proceedings – “Publication of” #1 1963
8 1 Proceedings – “Publication of” #2 1963
8 2 Process Reports 1963
8 3 Program 1963
8 4 Program 1963
8 5 Program – Abstracts of papers ‘A-M’ 1963
8 6 Program – Abstracts of papers ‘N-Z’ 1963
8 7 Program – Abstracts of Papers NOT given 1963
9 1 Program – Correspondence 1963
9 2 Program – General Planning & Correspondence #1 1963
9 3 Program – General Planning & Correspondence #2 1963
9 4 Program – ( Plenary Session ) (Letters of Invitations ) 1963
9 5 Program / printing & translation of 1963
10 1 Program – Section Meeting Chairperson 1963
10 2 Program – Section Meeting Speakers ‘A-H’ 1963
10 3 Program – Section Meeting Speakers ‘I-O’ 1963
10 4 Program – Section Meeting Speakers ‘P-S’ 1963
10 5 Program – Section Meeting Speakers ‘T-Z’ 1963
10 6 Publicity – Photography – Clippings 1963
11 1 Publicity 1963
11 2 Publicity “Releases” 1963
11 3 Publishers Replies ( Congress ) 1963
11 4 Registration Packet 1963
11 5 Reservations ( Hotels, Motels ) See: housing file #1 1963
11 6 Reservations ( Hotels, Motels ) See: housing file #2 1963
11 7 Schedule of events ( Banquets, Lectures ) #1 1963
11 8 Schedule of events ( Banquets, Lectures ) #2 1963
11 9 Scientific Exhibits 1963
11 10 Special Assistants ( Clerical, Hostesses, etc.) 1963
12 1 Speakers ‘A-D’ 1963
12 2 Speakers ‘D-H’ 1963
12 3 Speakers ‘J-O’ 1963
12 4 Speakers ‘O-S’ 1963
12 5 Speakers ‘S-Y’ 1963
13 1 Speakers ( Arranged according to publication in the proceedings) 1963
13 2 Speakers ( Arranged according to publication in the proceedings) 1963
13 3 Speakers ( Arranged according to publication in the proceedings) 1963
13 4 Speakers ( Arranged according to publication in the proceedings) 1963
14 1 Speakers ( Arranged according to publication in the proceedings) 1963
14 2 Speakers ( Arranged according to publication in the proceedings) 1963
14 3 Speakers ( Arranged according to publication in the proceedings) 1963
14 4 Speakers ( Arranged according to publication in the proceedings) 1963
15 1 Tentative Program #1 1963
15 2 Tentative Program #2 1963
15 3 “Thank you” Letters 1963
15 4 Translations & Interpreting Assistance 1963
15 5 U.S. Office of Education – Program and Schedule of events 1963
16
Five Audio cassettes tapes
Two gift box of paper heavy weight holders

17
Two gift boxes of paper weight holders

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