Areas of Study

MSS 88
TTY History
Collection of TTY History, 1966-1975
Gallaudet University Archives

Descriptive Summary
Repository: Gallaudet University Archives
Call No.: MSS 88
Creator: Simon J. Carmel
Title: Collection of TTY History, 1966-1975
Quantity: 0.5 Linear Feet (1 document box)
Abstract: This collection is about the history of the TTY.
Note: This document last updated 2005 November 28.
Administrative Information
Acquisition Information: Simon Carmel donated the TTY History Collection to the Gallaudet University Archives on March 16, 1988.
Processed by: Victor Marques and Wei-Mui Wong. 1990 and 1998 November 2.
Processing Note: Conditions on Use and Access: This collection is open to the public with no restrictions. Photocopies may be made for scholarly research.
Related Material in the Archives:See ALADIN
Historical Sketch
The telephone had presented an insurmountable obstacle for communication between deaf people since it was invented. Unable to use this vital instrument, Deaf people had to communicate through mail, rely on a third party to pass along the information, or drive over to talk to the receiving party.

For that reason, social clubs for Deaf people were prevalent; people could meet face-to-face to deliver messages and discuss matters that would otherwise be handled over the phone.

The year of 1964 was the turning point when Deaf orthodontist Dr. James C. Marsters of Pasadena, California shipped a teletype machine to Deaf scientist Robert Weitbrecht in Redwood City, California and requested a way to attach it to the telephone system so that phone communication could take place.

That teletype machine, model S2ASR, was one of the machines discarded by telegraph companies in favor of new telegraphic code technology. Mr Weitbrecht modified an acoustic coupler, which gave birth to ‘Baudot’; a code still used TTY machines.

Scope and Content
This collections contains correspondence, advertisements, articles, by-laws, newspaper clippings, instruction, newsletters, and telephone directory about the TTY device for the deaf that was collected by Simon Carmel as he worked for the US Government agency in the metro Washington area.
Series Descriptions and Folder Lists
No Series

Box Folder Title of Folder Date
1 1 Advertising 1971-1975
1 2 Articles 1974-1975
1 3 Articles, Foreign 1972-1973
1 4 By-Laws 1973
1 5 Clippings 1972-1974
1 6 Correspondences 1968-1977
1 7 Instructions 1966-1974
1 8 Receipts & Warranty Card 1968
1 9 Newsletters 1969-1982
1 10 Proceedings 1971
1 11 Telephone Directory 1968-1972
1 12 Notes n.d.

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