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Oct 3, 2022
Types of Financial Aid
Chapel Hall G-02
Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans are part of the Federal Direct Loan Program, which are offered through the U.S. Department of Education. Loans are types of financial aid that will need to be repaid, with interest, after you graduate or leave college. Most student loans are Direct Loans.
You are considered for these when applying for financial aid and completing the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid). You will be required to complete Direct Loan Program requirements to receive any Direct Loan funds.
If you are an eligible undergraduate awarded Direct Loans or a graduate or professional student awarded an Unsubsidized Direct Loan, it will appear on your financial aid award.
If you are not eligible for Direct Loans or need additional resources to cover college costs, you may want to apply separately for a supplemental loan through the federal government or a private lender.
How to Accept, Reduce, or Decline Federal Student loans via the Bison web portal.
If you have either previously reduced or denied your loans and find the need to request Federal Student loans, then you can use our internal application via the Bison web portal. This is listed under “Gally Loan Application.”
Differences between Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans
Direct Subsidized Loans are offered to undergraduate students with financial need. They have a low fixed interest rate and do not accrue interest while the student is enrolled at least half-time in a degree program. Students do not make payments until six months after graduating or drop below half-time. Direct Subsidized Loans are available only to undergraduate borrowers.
Direct Unsubsidized Loans are available to undergraduate and graduate students with or without financial need. These loans accrue interest while the student is in school and during deferments and grace periods. Students may defer interest payments until after they graduate, but doing so will result in a higher loan payment of the life of the loan.
Interest rates on these loans change each June with changes becoming effective on July 1 of each year. Loan origination fees are adjusted each fall due to federal sequestration legislation.
If you have adverse credit history:
A credit check will be performed during the application process. If you have an adverse credit history, you may still receive a grad PLUS through one of these two options:
1. Obtaining an endorser who does not have an adverse credit history. An endorser is someone who agrees to repay the grad PLUS if you do not repay it. Click here to endorse a Direct PLUS loan.
2. Documenting to the satisfaction of the U.S. Department of Education that there are extenuating circumstances relating to your adverse credit history. Click here to begin the credit appeal process.
With either option 1 or 2, you must complete credit counseling for PLUS loan borrowers. Please click here for the link.
To review the Terms and Conditions of Title IV, HEA loans, please click here.
Limited deferment provisions; see “Be a Responsible Borrower: Plan Ahead and Graduate with Less Debt” and “Repaying Your Loans” on the U.S. Department of Education website.
Completing Your Loan Requirements
To receive your Direct Subsidized or Unsubsidized Loan, you must complete two Direct Loan Program requirements. You must sign a Master Promissory Note (MPN) and complete entrance counseling online at student loans.gov.
Master Promissory Note (MPN)
The Master Promissory Note (MPN) authorizes the university to credit the loan funds to your Gallaudet student account for multiple years. MPNs are generally good for 10 years, so most students do not need to complete them more than once during their time at Gallaudet University unless you have been out of school for one year or more.
If you sign an MPN and do not want loans in future years, you must decline the loan the following year or it will be disbursed to you.
The borrower completes the MPN. Parents complete an MPN for a Direct PLUS Loan, graduate/professional students complete an MPN for Direct Grad PLUS Loans, and students complete an MPN for a Direct Loan (subsidized or unsubsidized).
Before completing the MPN, collect this information:
Complete your Direct Loan MPN online at StudentLoans.gov. Sign in under Manage My Direct Loan. (If you are a new borrower, follow the instructions for applying for an FSA ID.) After signing in, select Complete the Master Promissory Note. Select the correct type of loan note.
*Be sure to select the correct name and address for Gallaudet University:
Gallaudet University, 800 Florida Ave NEWashington, D.C. 20002
If you are a first-time Direct Loan borrower at Gallaudet University, you must complete Direct Loan Entrance Counseling on the U.S. Department of Education’s StudentLoans.gov website under the “Complete Counseling” link. This interactive counseling session and quiz helps students develop budgets for managing educational expenses and also understand their loan responsibilities. You must complete the counseling before your loan funds can be disbursed to you.
(NOTE: Entrance Counseling is not the same as the Financial Awareness Counseling Tool on the same site. Taking a demo counseling session will not fulfill your requirement.)
This is required for Direct Loan student borrowers who are graduating or dropping below half-time enrollment. This counseling session helps borrowers understand their rights and responsibilities in repayment and helps them choose a repayment plan. You must use your Department of Education FSA ID to access this counseling session. To complete the Exit Counseling session, go to the StudentLoans.gov website. Click the “Complete Counseling” link and follow the link to “Exit Counseling” to begin.
(NOTE: Exit Counseling is not the same as the Financial Awareness Counseling Tool on the same site. Taking a demo counseling session will not fulfill your requirement.)
Receiving Your Loan Funds
To receive your loan funds, you must have signed all of your loan documents and be enrolled at least half-time.
If you want to reduce or decline a loan AFTER you have already received the funds, contact the Financial Aid Office right away. (Students must personally decline or reduce their awards; parents cannot do this for a student.) Parents of dependent students who have a federal PLUS Loan may send an email or letter to our office asking to have the loan reduced or canceled.
Private Loan Programs:
Students are required to complete the Application Instructions for Financial Aid before applying for a private loan. Only students who do not qualify for Federal Stafford or PLUS loans (or who have reached annual maximum limits) should consider applying for a Private Student Loan. Gallaudet will not certify a private student loan for special students and if a student has not submitted both the IFAA and FAFSA for the requested loan period. Private loans are not subsidized. All applications for alternative loans must be submitted by the end of November for Fall semester and the end of April for Spring. Qualifications and guidelines will vary among alternative loan providers. For more information regarding private student loans, please contact your personal banking institution.
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